112-114 AD., Trajan, Rome mint, Dupondius, RIC 603 var.
Trajan, Rome mint, 112-114 AD.,
Dupondius (ø 26-27 mm / 15,04 g), probably brass ("orichalcum"), axes coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 180°),
Obv.: [IMP CAES NERVAE TRA]IANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P CO[S VI P P] , his radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev.: S [P Q R OPT]I - MO [P]RINCIPI / S - C , column of Trajan in Trajan's Forum, Rome, surmounted by statue of the emperor, two eagles at base.
RIC II, p. 286, no. 603 var. (bust type: head with drapery on l. shoulder, type rated common) ; BMC 995 ; Coh. 563 var. ; Strack 433 ; CBN 775 ; Bauten Roms p.31, 51 .
Trajan's Column (Italian: Colonna Traiana, Latin: COLVMNA·TRAIANI) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. It is located in Trajan's Forum, built near the Quirinal Hill, north of the Roman Forum. Completed in AD 113, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically describes the epic wars between the Romans and Dacians (101–102 and 105–106). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.
The structure is about 30 metres (98 ft) in height, 35 metres (125 ft) including its large pedestal. The shaft is made from a series of 20 colossal Carrara marble drums, each weighing about 32 tons, with a diameter of 3.7 metres (11 ft). The 190-metre (625 ft) frieze winds around the shaft 23 times. Inside the shaft, a spiral staircase of 185 steps provides access to a viewing platform at the top. The capital block of Trajan's Column weighs 53.3 tons, which had to be lifted to a height of c. 34 m.
Ancient coins indicate preliminary plans to top the column with a statue of a bird, probably an eagle, but after construction, a statue of Trajan was put in place; this statue disappeared in the Middle Ages. On December 4, 1587, the top was crowned by Pope Sixtus V with a bronze figure of St. Peter, which remains to this day. When it was built, the column stood between two libraries, which perhaps held the soldier-emperor's account of the Roman-Dacian Wars. Working under the supervision of a maestro, sculptors followed a plan to create a sky-scraping version of Trajan's scroll on 17 drums of the finest Carrara marble.
more on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trajan's_Column