Arminius Numismatics

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Galerie > Medieval to Contemporary > Asia > Armenia > Armenians of Cilicia
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Armenians of Cilicia, 1199-1219 AD., Levon I. (The Great), Sis mint, Tank, cf. Bedoukian 720.

Armenians of Cilicia, Royal Period, Levon I (`the Great´, 1199-1219), Sis mint, 1199-1219 AD.,
Æ Tank (26-27 mm / 7,36 g),
Obv.: + ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅIՍ , Levon Tagawor Hayots ("+ Levon King of Armenians" in Armenian letters) , leonine head of Levon, seven dots on crown.
Rev.: + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՍ Ի ՍԻՍ ,Shineal i kaghaks i Sis ("+ Struck in the city of Sis" in Armenian letters), patriarchal cross with two stars in fields.
cf. HS110 (obverse legend detail) ; cf. Bedoukian 720 (obverse legend detail) .

Kozan (formerly Armenian: Սիս, Sis, Ancient Greek: Σισιον, Sission) is a city in Adana Province, Turkey, 68 km north of the city of Adana, in the northern section of the Çukurova plain. The city is the capital of Kozan district. The Kilgen Stream, a tributary of the Ceyhan River (formerly Jibun or Pyramus), flows through Kozan crossing the plain south into the Mediterranean Sea. The Toros mountains rise up sharply behind the town. Sis was the capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.
The area then changed hands many times, eventually becoming Flavias or Flaviopolis in the former Roman province of Cilicia Secunda.
Sis (in Armenian: Սիս) or Sissu, Sision, Sisium had an important place in ecclesiastical history both the Armenian Apostolic Church and as a Roman Catholic titular see. If the identification of Flavias with Sis, which is probable, be admitted, it will be found that it is first mentioned in Theodoret's life of St. Simeon Stylites. In the Middle Ages Sis was the religious centre of Christian Armenians.
In 704, Sis was besieged by the Arabs, but relieved by the Byzantines. The Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil took it and refortified it, but it soon returned to Byzantine hands. It was rebuilt in 1186 by Leo II, king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, one of the Rupenide dynasty who made the city the capital of the Kingdom of Lesser Armenia (from 1186 till 1375). During the Crusade the catholicate returned to Sis in 1294, and remained there 150 years.
In 1266 Sis, the capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, was captured and damaged by the Egyptians led by Baibars. al-Said Barakah sent Qalawun to attack the city in 1277, but in 1375, Sis was taken and demolished by the Ramazanoğlu Turks, under the flag of the Mamluke Sultan of Egypt. The town never recovered its prosperity, not even when it passed into the power of the Ottomans in 1516. Sis became Kozan during overlordship of Kozanoğulları, a Turkmen clan between 1700-1866. Kozan was occupied by France between March 8, 1919 - June 2, 1920 during Turkish War of Independence. After declaring republic in Turkey, Kozan was a province. 1915-18 in Sis lived about 10,000 Armenians. After the deliberate and systematic destruction of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire during and just after World War I most Armenian churches and monastries were destroyed.

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Name des Albums:Arminius / Armenians of Cilicia
Schlüsselwörter:Armenians / Cilicia / Levon / Great / Sis / Tank / Leonine / Head / Dots / Crown / Patriarchal / Cross / Stars / Armenian / Armenia
Dateigröße:134 KB
Hinzugefügt am:06. November 2010
Abmessungen:1024 x 512 Pixel
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