Arminius Numismatics

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Galerie > Medieval to Contemporary > Asia > Sri Lanka > Sri Lanka
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Sri Lanka, 1197-1212 AD., Kingdom of Polonnaruwa, Queen Lilavati, 1 Massa, Mitchiner NISWC 837-839.

Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Polonnaruwa Kingdom, Queen Lilavati (1197-1212), 1197-1212 AD.,
1 Massa / Æ 21 / Kavanahu (19,5-20 mm / 4,12 g), copper, axes irregular alignment ↑↘ (ca. 140°), plain edge,
Obv.: Traditional Lankan massa design of standing king. The head consists of an irregular oblong, the right side being a vertical line, from which projects three horizontal stokes representing the nose, mouth and chin. The crown bulging outwards at the back. The two curved lines on either side of the legs slightly turned upwards at the end indicate a person wearing a 'dhoti', and standing on a lotus stalk with flower to the right. The forearm is bent sharply down; the hand grasps the hanging lamp. The right side elbow is curved down with the arm turned upwards holds a flower presumed to be a jasmine blossom. To the right are five dots or spheres. A rim of 40 to 43 beads.
Rev.: Sri / Ra ja / Li la / va ti , ("Sri Raja Lilavati" in Nagari letters) , Traditional Lankan massa design of seated king, head and crown as on obverse. Arm is raised upwards and the hand holds a conch shell, Devanagari legend in 4 lines on r.
Codrington 80 ; Mitchiner NISWC 837-839 .

Queen Lilavati (reigned 1197–1200, 1209–1210, 1211–1212), also known as Leelawathi, was the second woman in Sri Lankan history to rule as sovereign in her own right. Lilavati rose to prominence as wife of Parakramabahu the Great, king of Polonnaruwa. Being of royal descent herself she then ruled as sole monarch on three different occasions in the near-anarchy following Parakramabahu's death, with the backing of various generals. The primary source for her life is the Culavamsa, specifically chapter LXXX.

Polonnaruwa (Sinhalese - පොළොන්නරුව, Tamil - பொலநறுவை, previously "ஜனநாதமண்டலம்") was an ancient kingdom in Sri Lanka.
The second most ancient of Sri Lanka's kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated the Chola invaders in 1070 AD to reunite the country once more under a local leader.

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Datei-Information
Dateiname:Lilavati2.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / Sri Lanka
Schlüsselwörter:Sri / Lanka / Kingdom / Polonnaruwa / Queen / Lilavati / Massa / Lotus / Flower / Lamp / Jasmine / Blossom / Dots / Conch / Shell / Devanagari
Dateigröße:131 KB
Hinzugefügt am:12. Oktober 2012
Abmessungen:1024 x 512 Pixel
Angezeigt:49 mal
URL:http://www.arminius-numismatics.com/coppermine1414/cpg1414/displayimage.php?pid=9282
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