Arminius Numismatics

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Galerie > Medieval to Contemporary > Europe > Greece, modern > Greece, modern
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1688-1691 AD., Colonies of Venice in Greece, armed forces at the Pelopenese posessions, Gazzetta / 2 Soldi, RNME 25.5.1-1.

Italy, Venetian colonies, Armata and Morea (the armed forces at the Pelopenese posessions), 1688-1691 AD.,
Æ Gazzetta (2 Soldi) (28-29 mm / 7,45 g),
Obv.: * S. MARC. VEN * / * II * , nimbate, winged lion of Saint Mark facing - Leone di san marco.
Rev.: ARMATA / ET / MOREA , three lines inscription, rosettes above and below .
RNME 25.5.1-1 .

This coinage was issued by decree on two occassions: 17th June 1684 and 10th February 1691. So there are two candiate doges under whom the coinage was struck: Marc' Antonio Giustunian 1684-1688 and Francesco Morosini 1688-1694.
Weights:
Decreto 24/01/1688 = 38 carati pari a 7,86 gr.
Decreto 10/02/1691 = 34 carati pari a 7,02 gr.

The Morea (Greek: Μωρέας or Μωριάς, French: Morée, Italian: Morea, Turkish: Mora) was the name of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. It also referred to a Byzantine province in the region, known as the Despotate of Morea.
Traditionally scholars thought the name originated from the word morea (μορέα), meaning morus or mulberry, a tree which, though known in the region from the ancient times, gained value after the 6th century, when silkworms were smuggled from China to Byzantium. Then the mulberry began to be planted so copiously in the Peloponnesus that the plain around Thebes came to be known as Morokampos and Thebes gained renown for its silk. No silk is now made at Thebes and mulberry trees are not prominent, but the Theban plain retains its name Morokampos from the mulberry trees which once gave the town its prosperity.
In the mid-14th century, the later Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos reorganized Morea into the Despotate of the Morea. Sons of the emperor with the rank of despotes were usually sent to rule the province as an appanage. By 1430, the Byzantines eventually recovered the remainder of the Frankish part of the Morea, but in 1460 the peninsula was overrun and conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

The peninsula was captured for the Republic of Venice by Francesco Morosini during the Morean War of 1684–99. Venetian rule proved unpopular, and the Ottomans recaptured the Morea in a lightning campaign in 1714. Under renewed Ottoman rule, centered at Tripolitsa, the region enjoyed relative prosperity. The latter 18th century was marked by renewed dissatisfaction. Armed bands of the klephts emerged, undeterred by the brutal repression of the Orlov Revolt. They waged guerrilla war against the Turks, aided both by the decay of Ottoman power and the re-emergence of Greek national consciousness. Ultimately, the Morea and its inhabitants provided the cradle and backbone of the Greek Revolution.

The word gazette today is often used as the name of a newspaper. Today’s gazette comes from a Venetian coin of the 17th century. The coin was a 2-soldi copper piece that was called a "gazzetta", a diminutive of the Latin word gaza, meaning treasure. Shortly after the gazzetta was first made for circulation, Venice commenced to publish an official newspaper dealing with public affairs. The paper sold to the citizens for one gazzetta, and before long the paper itself became known as the gazzetta. The name stuck and has become synonymous with publications ever since.

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Datei-Information
Dateiname:ArmataMo.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / Greece, modern
Bewertung (3 Stimmen):33333(Details anzeigen)
Schlüsselwörter:Colonies / Venice / Greece / armed / Forces / Pelopenese / Gazzetta / Soldi / Lion / Saint / Mark / Nimbus / Wings / Rosette
Dateigröße:122 KB
Hinzugefügt am:10. Februar 2011
Abmessungen:1024 x 512 Pixel
Angezeigt:380 mal
URL:http://www.arminius-numismatics.com/coppermine1414/cpg1414/displayimage.php?pid=6443
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