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Galerie > Medieval to Contemporary > Europe > Sweden and Norway > Sweden
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Sweden, 1992 AD., Carl XVI Gustaf, Gustav II Adolf commemorative, issuer: CITV, Vaduz, Switzerland, minted by Valcambi S.A., Switzerland, 5 Ecu medallic coinage, KM X 11.

Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, Gustav II Adolf of Sweden commemorative, issuer: CITV, Vaduz, Switzerland, minted by Valcambi S.A.(?), Switzerland, 1992 AD.,
5 Écu (ø 38,6 mm / 23,25 g), copper-nickel, mintage 10.000 , axes coin alignment ↑↓ (180°), reeded edge,
Obv.: GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS 1594 • 1632 / - ILLE FACIET - / 1992 , bust of king Gustaf Adolf 3/4 right, CHI in a circle (mint mark Valcambi S.A.?) on his left shoulder.
Rev.: Schweden·SUEDE·SVERIGE·SWEDEN·SVEZIA // 5 / ECU , ancient ship sailing r.
KM (Unusual World Coins) X 11 .

Gustav II Adolf (born 9 December 1594, died 6 November 1632, O.S.) has been widely known in English by his Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus Magnus and variously in historical writings also as Gustavus, or Gustavus the Great, or Gustav Adolph the Great (Swedish: Gustav Adolf den store, a formal distinction passed by the Swedish Parliament in 1634). He was King of Sweden (1611–1632) and founder of the Swedish Empire (or Stormaktstiden – "the era of great power") at the beginning of the Golden Age of Sweden. He led his nation to military supremacy during the Thirty Years War, helping to determine the political as well as the religious balance of power in Europe. He is thereby regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time. His most notable military victory was the battle of Breitenfeld. With a superb military machine with good weapons, excellent training, and effective field artillery, backed by an efficient government which could provide necessary funds, Gustavus Adolphus was poised to make himself a major European leader, but he was killed in battle of Lützen in 1632. He was assisted by Axel Oxenstierna (1583–1654), leader of the nobles who also acted as regent after his death.

In an era characterized by almost endless warfare, he led his armies as king from 1611 (at age 17) until his death in battle in 1632 while leading a charge — as Sweden rose from the status of a mere regional power and run-of-the-mill kingdom to one of the great powers of Europe and a model of early modern era government. Within only a few years of his accession Sweden had become the largest nation in Europe after Russia and Spain. Some have called him the "father of modern warfare",[1] or the first great modern general. Under his tutelage, Sweden and the Protestant cause developed a number of excellent commanders, such as Lennart Torstensson, who would go on to defeat Sweden's enemies and expand the boundaries and the power of the empire long after Gustav Adolph's death in battle.

He was known by the epithets "The Golden King" and "The Lion of the North" by neighboring sovereigns. Gustavus Adolphus is today commemorated by city squares in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Helsingborg. Gustavus Adolphus College, a Lutheran college in St. Peter, Minnesota, is also named for the Swedish king.

When on 30th of October 1611 his father Karl IX died Sweden was engaged in war in Sweden itself as in the east. The finances were lousy and danger loomed everywhere. The dying king uttered the words "He will do it" i latin, "ille faciet", on his deathbed meaning his son Gustav Adolf. The new young king stood at a crossroads. He could either pursue the goals that had been set by Erik XIV, Johan III and his father Karl IX and finish the work in Livland and Russia. Or he could withdraw and settle for a smaller solution.
Gustav Adolf, soon crowned Gustav II Adolf, better known as Gustavus Adolphus in the rest of the world chose to go for the big win. Starting to deal with the danish, continuing with the poles and twenty years later interfering in one of the most hideous of all conflicts ever, the thirty year war, he would be known as the lion from the north. He would make Sweden the great power of northern Europe. Denmarks time as the leading nation in Scandinavia and northern Europe was soon to end. In some decades Denmarks very existance would be threatened.
"Ille faciet". He will do it. And he did.

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Dateiname:SwKMX11st.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / Sweden
Schlüsselwörter:Sweden / Carl / Gustaf / Gustav / Adolf / commemorative / Écu / Ship / CITV / Vaduz / Switzerland / Valcambi
Dateigröße:380 KB
Hinzugefügt am:17. Mai 2015
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