Arminius Numismatics

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Galerie > Medieval to Contemporary > Europe > Greece, modern > Greece, modern
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2002 AD., Greece, 2 Euro, Athens mint, KM 188.

Greece, engravers: Georgios Stamatopoulos (obverse) and Luc Luycx (reverse), Greek national mint in Chalandri near Athens, 2002 AD.,
2 Euro (25,8 mm / 8,48 g), bimetallic, brass plated nickel center in a copper-nickel ring, 8,50 g. theor. mint weight, mintage 75,400,000 , medal alignment ↑↑ (0°),
Obv.: ΕΥΡΩΠΗ / ΓΣ / 2 EYPΩ / 20 - 02 , Europa riding right on a galloping bull, a depiction of the abduction of Europa by Zeus, in the form of a bull, shown in a 3rd century Spartan mosaic; mintmark stylized acanthus leaf / "Anthemion flower" over bull´s head, engraver´s initials ΓΣ on the left edge of the center flan, 12 stars and date around on the copper-nickel ring, the lowermost dividing date and containing no mint mark.
Rev.: 2 EURO / LL , map of Europe (1st map type), to right 6 lines and twelve stars of Europe on the edge; engraver´s initials LL to r. below O.
Edge: ★ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ , incuse star and letters on a reeded edge.
KM 188 .
(from circulation)

Greece did not enter the eurozone until 2001 and was not able to start minting coins as early as the other eleven member states, so a number of coins circulated in 2002 were not minted in Athens but in Finland (€1 and €2 – mint mark S, Suomi = Finland) and other countries. Coins dated 2002 without a mintmark were produced in Greece.
All designs of Greek euro coins feature the 12 stars of the EU, the year of imprint and (later coins) a tiny symbol of the Bank of Greece. Uniquely, the value of the coins is expressed on the national side in the Greek alphabet, as well as being on the common side in the Roman alphabet.

Year / Mint Mark / Mintage / Details
2002 75,400,000
2002 54,945 (in sets only)
2002 5,000 (in sets only) (Dutch mint-set; error strike: false inscription with 2 instead of 3 lines at top left)
2002 S 70,000,000 "S" mark in Star (S for Suomi, minted in Finland)
2003 550,000
2003 99,300 (in sets only)
2004 30,000 (in sets only)
2005 1,050,000
2005 50,000 (in sets only)
2006 1,050,000
2006 50,000 (in sets only)

In Greek mythology Europa (Greek Ευρώπη Eurṓpē) was a Phoenician woman of high lineage, from whom the name of the continent Europe has ultimately been taken. The name Europa occurs in Hesiod's long list of daughters of primordial Oceanus and Tethys. The story of her abduction by Zeus in the form of a white bull was a Cretan story; as most of the love-stories concerning Zeus originated from more ancient tales describing his marriages with goddesses. This can especially be said of the story of Europa.
Sources differ in details regarding Europa's family, but agree that she is Phoenician, and from a lineage that descended from Io, the mythical nymph beloved of Zeus, who was transformed into a heifer. She is generally said to be the daughter of Agenor, the Phoenician King of Tyre; the Syracusan poet Moschus makes her mother Queen Telephassa ("far-shining") but elsewhere her mother is Argiope ("white-faced"). Other sources, such as the Iliad, claim that she is the daughter of Agenor's son, the "sun-red" Phoenix. It is generally agreed that she had two brothers, Cadmus, who brought the alphabet to mainland Greece, and Cilix who gave his name to Cilicia in Asia Minor, with the author of Bibliotheke including Phoenix as a third. After arriving in Crete, Europa had three sons: Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon, the three of whom became the three judges of the Underworld when they died. In Crete she married Asterion also rendered Asterius. According to mythology, her children were fathered by Zeus.
Europa's earliest literary reference is in the Iliad, which is commonly dated to the 8th century BCE. Another early reference to her is in a fragment of the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, discovered at Oxyrhynchus. The earliest vase-painting securely identifiable as Europa, dates from mid-7th century BCE.

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Datei-Information
Dateiname:Gr2Eu2002.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / Greece, modern
Schlüsselwörter:Greece / Lepta / Euro / Europa / Bull / Zeus / bimetallic / Athens / Georgios / Stamatopoulos / Luc / Luycx / Acanthus / Leaf / Anthemion / Flower / Greek / Stars / Lines / Map
Dateigröße:159 KB
Hinzugefügt am:18. März 2013
Abmessungen:1024 x 512 Pixel
Angezeigt:35 mal
URL:http://www.arminius-numismatics.com/coppermine1414/cpg1414/displayimage.php?pid=9893
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