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Galerie > Ancient World > Ancient India (til ca.1550 AD.) > India, Kshaharatas

India, Kshaharatas, 119-124 AD., Nahapana, Drachm.

India, Kshaharatas, Nahapana, 119-124 AD.,
Drachm (15-16 mm / 2,22 g),
Obv.: [PAN]NIW ΣAHAP[ATAC NAHAPANAC] (Greek legend) , bust of Nahapana right with close-fitting headdress.
Rev.: two inscriptions – one in Brahmi, at 11:30, clockwise: (RaJno KsaHaRaTaSa NaHaPaNaSa, reading left to right) and one in Kharoshti, at 11, anti-clockwise: (RaNo KsaHaRaTaSa NaHaPaNaSa, reading right to left) , Arrow pointing downwards to the left, thunderbolt to the right, dot between them, .
Mitchiner, Indogreek 1253 ; Mitchiner ACW 2684 ; Boppearachchi p.139, #3 ; Senior 303 .

The Kshaharatas were the descendants of Parata Rajas, the Indo-Parthian vassals in Saurashtra. They became independent in 78 AD, the 1st year of the Saka Era. The dates of Nahapana’s reign are still unclear – his reign is dated anywhere between ca.50 AD and 124 AD. Many of Nahapana's coins are overstruck by Gautamiputra Satakarni of the Satavahanas (ca.106-130 AD), who reigned for 24 years and claimed to have destroyed Nahapana in his 18th year. Nahapana has inscriptional dates 41-46; it's not clear whether these are regnal dates or dates in the Saka Era (or some other era). There are coins from Sind of the Indo-Parthian Satavastres overstruck by Nahapana and coins of Nahapana overstruck by Satavastres; they were probably contemporaries. Sases (Gondophares-Sases) also overstruck Nahapana's coinage in Sind.

Nahapana (119-124 AD) was an important ruler of the Western Kshatrapas, descendant of the Indo-Scythians, in northwestern India. According to one of his coins, he was the son of Bhumaka.
The Kshatrapa dynasty became very powerful with the accession of Nahapana to the throne. Nahapana occupied vast portion of the Satavahana empire in western and central India, although he was ultimately defeated by the powerful Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni in 125 AD.
Nahapana managed however to build a strong power base in the west, from which his successors would benefit.
He also established the Kshatrapa coinage, in a style derived from Indo-Greek coinage. The obverse of the coins consists of the profile of the ruler, within a legend in Greek. The reverse represents a thunderbolt and an arrow, within Brahmi and Kharoshthi legends.
Nahapana is mentioned as a donator in inscriptions of numerous Buddhist caves in northern India. The Nasik and Karle inscriptions refer to Nahapana's dynastic name (Kshaharata, for "Kshatrapa") but not to his ethnicity (Saka-Pahlava), which is known from other sources.
Nahapana had a son-in-law named Ushavadata (Sanskrit: Rishabhadatta), whose inscriptions were incised in the Pandu-lena caves near Nasik. Ushavadata was son of Dinika and had married Dakshamitra, daughter of Nahapana. According to the inscriptions, Ushavadata accomplished various charities and conquests on behalf of his father-in-law. He constructed rest-­houses, gardens and tanks at Bharukachchha (Broach), Dashapura (Mandasor in Malva), Govardhana (near Nasik) and Shorparaga (Sopara in the Thana district). He also campaigned in the north under the orders of Nahapana to rescue the Uttamabhadras who had been attacked by the Malayas (Malavas). He excavated a cave in the Trirashmi hill near Nasik and offered it to the Buddhist monks.

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Name des Albums:Arminius / India, Kshaharatas
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Schlüsselwörter:India / Kshaharatas / Nahapana / Drachm / Arrow / Thunderbolt / Greek / Brahmi / Kharoshti
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