Arminius Numismatics

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Galerie > Ancient World > Ancient India (til ca.1550 AD.) > India, Yaudheya
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India, Yaudheya, 190-340 AD., Æ Tetradrachm, cf. Mitchiner ACW 4707 - 4726.

India, Yaudheya, civic coinage, 190-340 AD.,
Æ Tetradrachm (23-24 mm / 10,35 g),
Obv.: 'Yaudheya Ganasya Jaya' (in Brahmi: "Victory to the Yaudheya people"), Karttikeya standind facing, holding sceptre; peacock on right.
Rev.: goddess standing with hand on hip, wearing transparent garment; symbol in left field (shankha (counch shell, shankh, seashell-horn), looking like a modern "ice-cream" ), 2 snakes with pole (chakra) to r.
cf. Mitchiner ACW 4707 - 4726 .

Yaudheya or Yaudheya Gana was an ancient tribal confederation who lived in the area between the Indus river and the Ganges river. They find mention in Pāṇini's Ashtadhyayi and Ganapatha. There are other references to them namely in Mahabharata, Mahamayuri, Brihatsamhita, Puranas, Chandravyakarana and Kashika. As references are spanned from writings of early period to the medieval period, the chronology of Yaudheyas perhaps spans from as early as 500 BCE till 1200 CE. They were in zenith of their power from about 200 BCE to 400 CE.
Their territory included on the west–Sutlej, Depalpur, Satgarha, Ajundhan, Kahror, Multan, on the east - Bhatner, Abohar, Sirsa, Hansi, Panipat and Sonipat and on the north - Kangra. These were listed based on the assumptions of coin finds. Even Haryana and Panjab were included in the territory they might have ruled.
There isn’t much known about ancient tribes which are mentioned in ancient literature and inscriptions but the existence of a powerful clan known as Yaudheyas has come to light mainly from their coins and coin-moulds found in large number in this area. A large number of their coins depicted the god Brahmanyadeva or Karttikeya.

All Yaudheya coins have on obverse male diety with spear (Karttikeya) with chicken (peacock) at his feet. On reverse female diety in good mood.
MACW 4706: reverse Kushan style deity resembling Mao in mirror image, that is her left arm raised. On all other types she raises right arm (that is on left side of coin), +/- 12 gr, +/- AD 190
MACW 4707-4718: +/- 11gr, reverse feet of female diety along dotted margin. Early series, 3rd century.
4707-4710: reverse no symbols in field.
4711-4715: reverse in field left flowerpot (lotus) and right ramshead with dots above (nandipada). Obverse triangle between spear and head (part of word "dvi" (two)
4716-4718: reverse in field left ice-cream (shankh (seashell-horn)) and right 2 snakes with pole (chakra). Obverse between spear and head lower part of word "tri" (3)
MACW 4719-4726: +/- 10 gr, feet of female diety above dotted border. Late series, 4th century.
4719-4721 otherwise as 4707-4710
4722-4724 otherwise as 4711-4715
4725-4726 otherwise as 4716-4718

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Datei-Information
Dateiname:Yaud03.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / India, Yaudheya
Schlüsselwörter:India / Yaudheya / Tetradrachm / Karttikeya / Scepter / Peacock / Goddess / Shankha / Counch / Shell / Shankh / Seashell-horn / Serpents / Snakes / Pole / Chakra
Dateigröße:133 KB
Hinzugefügt am:06. Juli 2010
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URL:http://www.arminius-numismatics.com/coppermine1414/cpg1414/displayimage.php?pid=5540
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