Arminius Numismatics

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Galerie > Ancient World > Gallia > Gallia
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Aedui in Gallia, 80-52 BC., Atpili F. / Orcetirix, Quinarius, LT 4805.

Aedui / Eduens in Gallia, Atpili F. / Orcetirix, (Area of the Mont-Beuvray, central Gaul), ca. 80-52 BC.,
AR Quinarius / Denier (?) (13-14 mm / 1,75 g),
Obv.: [ATPILI. F] , diademed, draped female bust l. - Buste de femme a gauche, diadème perlé dans les cheveux, légende devant le visage - non visible.
Rev.: [ORCETIRIX] , horse galloping or prancing left, fish ("dolphin") right below. - Cheval galopant a gauche ; au-dessous, un dauphin a droite entre les pattes; légende au-dessus - non visible.
LT 4805 ; Allen, BMC 432 ; DT. 3226 ; RIG. 57 ; BN. 4805-4813 ; ABT. 427 ; Sch/L. (Scheers, Lyon) 352 .

Aedui, Haedui or Hedui (Ancient Greek: Αἰδούοι), were a Gallic people of Gallia Lugdunensis, who inhabited the country between the Arar (Saône) and Liger (Loire), in today's France. Their territory thus included the greater part of the modern departments of Saône-et-Loire, Côte-d'Or and Nièvre.
The country of the Aedui is defined by reports of them in the ancient writers. The upper Loire formed their western border, separating them from the Bituriges. The Saône formed their eastern border, separating them from the Sequani.

According to Livy (v. 34), they took part in the expedition of Bellovesus into Italy in the 6th century BC.
Before Caesar's time they had attached themselves to the Romans, and were honoured with the title of brothers and kinsmen of the Roman people. When the Sequani, their neighbours on the other side of the Arar, with whom they were continually warring with, invaded their country and subjugated them with the assistance of a Germanic chieftain named Ariovistus, the Aedui sent Diviciacus, the druid, to Rome to appeal to the senate for help, but his mission was unsuccessful.
On his arrival in Gaul (58 BC), Caesar restored their independence. In spite of this, the Aedui joined the Gallic coalition against Caesar (B. G. vii. 42), but after the surrender of Vercingetorix at Alesia were glad to return to their allegiance. Augustus dismantled their native capital Bibracte on Mont Beuvray, and substituted a new town with a half-Roman, half-Gaulish name, Augustodunum (modern Autun).
In 21, during the reign of Tiberius, they revolted under Julius Sacrovir, and seized Augustodunum, but were soon put down by Gaius Silius (Tacitus Ann. iii. 43-46). The Aedui were the first of the Gauls to receive from the emperor Claudius the distinction of jus honorum. The oration of Eumenius, in which he pleaded for the restoration of the schools of his native place Augustodunum, shows that the district was neglected. The chief magistrate of the Aedui in Caesar's time was called Vergobretus (according to Mommsen, "judgment-worker"), who was elected annually, possessed powers of life and death, but was forbidden to go beyond the frontier. Certain clientes, or small communities, were also dependent upon the Aedui.

Les Éduens (Haedui en latin) étaient un peuple de la Gaule celtique. Les Éduens seraient "Les Ardents", Les hommes de feu.
Les Éduens étaient établis dans les actuels départements français de la Nièvre et de la Saône-et-Loire ainsi qu'au sud de celui de la Côte-d'Or et à l'est de celui de l'Allier. Bibracte était leur capitale. Ils disposaient des riches terres de la partie occidentale de la Plaine de Saône. Leurs voisins et ennemis étaient les Séquanes au nord-est l'est et les Arvernes au sud-ouest. Les Lingons étaient leurs alliés au nord.
Ils étaient régis par un chef électif, le vergobret.
Les Romains firent, dès le Ier siècle av. J.-C., alliance avec eux, et le Sénat romain les proclama frères de la république. Rome profita de la rivalité qui divisait les Éduens et les Arvernes pour intervenir dans les affaires de la Gaule et l'asservir plus facilement.
Alliés des Romains, ils avaient appelé ceux-ci à leur secours devant la menace des Helvètes. Fournisseurs de contingents militaires à César, ils se rallièrent tardivement (et non sans réticences) à Vercingétorix au cours de l'année 52 av. J.-C..
La cité éduenne est intégrée dans la Gaule lyonnaise après la conquête romaine, avec pour nouvelle capitale Autun (Augustodunum). L'empereur Claude leur accorda le droit de cité complet en 48, dans un discours fameux transcrit sur les Tables Claudiennes.

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Dateiname:1254.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / Gallia
Schlüsselwörter:Aedui / Eduens / Gallia / Gaul / Atpili / Orcetirix / Quinarius / Denier / Horse / Fish / Dolphin
Dateigröße:91 KB
Hinzugefügt am:17. Mai 2011
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