Arminius Numismatics

money sorted by region or empire


Startseite Kontakt Sidebar Registrieren Anmelden
Albenliste Neueste Uploads Neueste Kommentare Am meisten angesehen Am besten bewertet Meine Favoriten Suche
Galerie > Ancient World > The Roman Empire > lithic remains of the Roman empire
Klicken für Bild in voller Größe

Colosseum, view from the eastern Palatine Hill.

Colosseum, view from the eastern Palatine Hill.

The Colosseum (also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavioor Colosseo, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built and is considered one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering.
It´s situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 72 AD, and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).
The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.
Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome.
The name Colosseum has long been believed to be derived from a colossal statue of Nero nearby. This statue was later remodeled by Nero's successors into the likeness of Helios (Sol) or Apollo, the sun god, by adding the appropriate solar crown. Nero's head was also replaced several times with the heads of succeeding emperors. Despite its pagan links, the statue remained standing well into the medieval era and was credited with magical powers. It came to be seen as an iconic symbol of the permanence of Rome.
The height of the outer wall is 48 meters (157 ft / 165 Roman feet). The outer wall is estimated to have required over 100,000 cubic metres of travertine stone which were set without mortar; they were held together by 300 tons of iron clamps. However, it has suffered extensive damage over the centuries, with large segments having collapsed following earthquakes. The north side of the perimeter wall is still standing; the distinctive triangular brick wedges at each end are modern additions, having been constructed in the early 19th century to shore up the wall.
The surviving part of the outer wall's monumental façade comprises three stories of superimposed arcades surmounted by a podium on which stands a tall attic, both of which are pierced by windows interspersed at regular intervals. The arcades are framed by half-columns of the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders, while the attic is decorated with Corinthian pilasters. Each of the arches in the second- and third-floor arcades framed statues, probably honoring divinities and other figures from Classical mythology.
Two hundred and forty mast corbels were positioned around the top of the attic. They originally supported a retractable awning, known as the velarium, that kept the sun and rain off spectators. This consisted of a canvas-covered, net-like structure made of ropes, with a hole in the center. It covered two-thirds of the arena, and sloped down towards the center to catch the wind and provide a breeze for the audience. Sailors, specially enlisted from the Roman naval headquarters at Misenum and housed in the nearby Castra Misenatium, were used to work the velarium.

more on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colosseum

Diese Datei bewerten (noch keine Bewertung)
Datei-Information
Dateiname:308PalHist.jpg
Name des Albums:Arminius / lithic remains of the Roman empire
Schlüsselwörter:Colosseum / Palatine / Hill / Flavian / Amphitheatre / Amphitheatrum / Flavium / Vespasian / Titus / Domitian
Dateigröße:718 KB
Hinzugefügt am:01. Dezember 2015
Abmessungen:1024 x 768 Pixel
Angezeigt:16 mal
URL:http://www.arminius-numismatics.com/coppermine1414/cpg1414/displayimage.php?pid=13218
Favoriten:zu Favoriten hinzufügen