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Mamluk, 1363-1377 AD., al-Ashraf Nasir al-Din Sha'ban II, Dimashq (Damascus) mint, Falus.

Mamluk, al-Ashraf Nasir al-Din Sha'ban II, Dimashq (Damascus) mint, AH 764-778 / 1363-1377 AD.,
Falus (18-20 mm / 2,37 g), copper, axes (as pictured) medal alignment ↑↑ (ca. 0°),
Obv.: ... , .Arabic legeends
Rev.: ... , .Arabic legeends
.

Thanks to Bakkar for the id

Al-Ashraf Sha'ban (Epithet: Al-Ashraf Zein al-Din Abu al-Ma'ali ibn Shaban), also Shaban II, was a Mamluk ruler of the Bahri dynasty from 1363 to 1377. He was a grandson of Al-Nasir Muhammad. He had two sons who succeeded him: al-Mansur Ali and al-Salih Hajji. Al-Ashraf was executed.
Damascus (Arabic: دمشق‎ Dimashq, Metropolitan Arabic: Dimisheʼ ), commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎ ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎ Madīnat al-Yāsmīn), is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo.
Al-Ashraf Sha‘ban II was the great-grandson of Qala‘un, the grandson of al-Nasir Muhammad, and the nephew of al-Nasir Hasan and his many brothers, his own father, al-Amjad Husayn, being the only one who was never on the throne.
Sha‘ban acceded at the age of ten, and throughout his reign he was under the domination of Yalbugha al-‘Umari, who had taken over as vice-regent from Sarghatmush al-Nasiri during the reign of a-Nasir Hasan. Yalbugha served until his overthrow and death in 786 H (1366 AD), shortly before the Qala‘unid line of Bahri Mamluks was replaced by the Circassian Burji Mamluks.

The only outside conflict of note during Sha‘ban’s reign was the brief occupation of Alexandria by King Peter of Cyprus (Pierre de Lusignan) in 767 (1365), but the city was relieved by Sha‘ban and Yalbugha.

Throughout their reigns the Mamluk sultans had to struggle continuously with unruly soldiers, divided into factions, who fought for power and wealth among themselves, while robbing and tormenting the common people of Egypt, who lived in fear for their lives, property and women. In addition, Sha‘ban was resented for his greed for wealth and the grants he demanded for his relations.

At the end of his reign he insisted, against all advice, on making a state pilgrimage to Mecca. While encamped on the way there his mamluks revolted, demanding pay and fodder for their animals. The situation deteriorated, and Sha‘ban tried to return to Cairo, but before he arrived there the mamluk rebels seized the citadel and proclaimed Sha‘ban’s infant son al-Mansur ‘Ali the new sultan. Al-Ashraf Sha‘ban II was strangled two days later on 4 Dhu’l-Qada 778 (15 March 1377).

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File information
Filename:ArMar1304.jpg
Album name:Arminius / Arabian World (medieval, other)
Keywords:Mamluk / al-Ashraf / Nasir / al-Din / Sha&#39;ban / Dimashq / Damascus / Falus / Fals
Filesize:129 KiB
Date added:Apr 04, 2013
Dimensions:1024 x 512 pixels
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URL:http://www.arminius-numismatics.com/coppermine1414/cpg1414/displayimage.php?pid=9999
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